From The ABC’s of Witchcraft by Doreen Valiente:
“The moon goddess Lilith is the archetypal seductress, the personification of the dangerous feminine glamour of the moon. Like Hecate she is a patroness of witches; but where Hecate is visualized as an old crone [now known as incorrect, the ancient Greeks viewed Hecate as a lovely maiden], Lilith is instead the enticing sorceress, the beautiful vampire, the femme fatale. Her loveliness is more than human; but her beauty has one strange blemish. Her feet are great claws, like those of a giant bird of prey. She is depicted this way on a terra-cotta relief from Sumer dating from about 2,000 B.C. The same figure of humanity’s dreams recurred in medieval France, where she was known as La Rein Pedauque, the queen with a bird’s foot, a mysterious figure of legend who flew by night at the head of a crowd of phantoms, something like the wild hunt.
The Jewish legends about Lilith say that she was the first wife of Adam, before Eve was given to him. Lilith however came to Adam as he lay asleep and coupled with him in his dreams. By this means, she became mother of all the uncanny beings who share this planet invisibly with mortals, and are known as the fairy races or the djinn. The Jews regarded her as a queen of evil spirits, and made amulets to protect themselves against her. She is a personification of the erotic dreams which trouble men; the suppressed desire for forbidden delights. Charles Godfrey Leland, in his Etruscan Roman Remains (London, 1892), identifies Lilith with Herodias, or Aradia. He notes that in the old Slavonian spells and charms, Lilith is mentioned, and that she is said to have twelve daughters, who are the twelve kinds of fever. This is another instance of the witches’ thirteen.”
Invocation to Lilith
“Black Moon, Lilith, sister darkest,
Whose hands form the hellish mire,
At my weakest, at my strongest,
Molding me as clay from fire.
Black Moon, Lilith, Mare of Night,
You cast your litter to the ground
Speak the Name and take to flight
Utter now the secret sound!”
The Seductress (4Q184)
From the Dead Sea Scrolls found at Qumran, this excerpt from a scroll is associated with Proverbs 2:18-19 and while it is from the 1st century BCE, scholars believe the liturgy itself to be much older as it happens to be very similar to an excerpt from an ancient Assyrian poem which is derived from an even older one from the 14th century BCE Amarna tablets. Here is the excerpt from the Dead Sea Scroll, which is is from the earliest version of the Bible found so far:
“She… speaks vanity and errors.
She is ever prompt to oil her words,
and she flatters with irony,
deriding with iniquitous lips.
Her heart it set up as a snare,
and her kidneys as a fowler’s nets.
Her eyes are defiled with iniquity,
her hands have seized hold of the Pit.
Her legs go down to work wickedness,
and to walk in wrong-doings.
Her… are foundations of darkness,
and a multitude of sins is in her skirts.
Her… are darkness of night,
and her garments…
Her clothes are shades of twilight,
and her ornaments plagues of corruption.
Her couches are beds of corruption,
and her… depths of the pit.
Her inns are couches of darkness,
and her dominions in the midst of the night.
She pitches her dwelling on the foundations of darkness,
and abides in the tents of silence.
Amid everlasting fire is her inheritance,
not among those who shine brightly.
She is the beginning of all the ways of iniquity.
Woe and disaster to all who possess her!
And desolation to all who hold her!
For her ways are ways of death,
and her paths are roads of sin,
and her tracks are pathways to iniquity,
and her by-ways are rebellious wrong-doings.
Her gates are gates of death,
and from the entrance of the house
she sets out towards the underworld.
None of those who enter there will ever return,
and all who possess her will descend to the Pit.
She lies in wait in secret places,
In the city’s squares she veils herself,
and she stands at the gates of towns.
She will never rest from whoring,
her eyes glance hither and thither.
She lifts her eyelids naughtily
to stare at a virtuous one and join him,
and an important one to trip him up,
at upright men to pervert their way,
and the righteous elect to keep them from the commandment,
at the firmly established to bring them down wantonly,
and those who walk in uprightness to alter the statute.
To cause the humble to rebel against God,
and turn their steps away from the ways of justice,
to bring insolence to their heart,
so that they march no more in the paths of uprightness;
to lead men astray to the ways of the Pit,
and seduce with flatteries every son of man.”
The Sacred Marriage of Ereshkigal and Nergal
The oldest version of this tale is found in the Amarna Tablets from 1300 BCE. This story has been found in Sumerian and Assyrian tablets. Ereshkigal is the the Goddess of the Underworld and Nergal is her husband. A god of war, death, and plague. There is incredibly ancient Pagan liturgy about the Gods still in the Bible today.
“Nergal set his face toward Kurnugi,
To the dark house, dwelling of Erkalla’s Goddess,
To the house which those who enter cannot leave,
On the road where traveling is one way only,
To the house where those who enter are deprived of light,
Where dust is their food, clay their bread.
They are clothed, like birds, with feathers.
They see no light, they dwell in darkness.
They moan like doves.”
Lilith is Ereshkigal, but she was demonized and eventually nothing but a folktale. All that remains of this ancient Goddess are these few lines from today’s average Bible:
“Her house sinks down to death,
And her course leads to the shades.
All who go to her cannot return
And find again the paths of life.”